HEMP HISTORY IN EARLY AMERICA.
Hemp was second to tobacco as the crop to
grow in early America. The demand for tobacco in England, kept
the farmers busy with this cash crop. Most of the hemp crop in
America was used at home in local commerce, much to the dismay of King George
and the English navy.
||This 1957 replica of the Mayflower,
outfitted with hemp,
shows how hemp sails and ropes carried the European settlers to
America for hundreds of years - 1492 to the advent of steamships
in the early 1800's.
||Seamen were masters of knot-tying
and sewing of hemp rope and canvas. The book is MARITIME
ARTS & ARTISANS. The Collection of the San Francisco
Maritime National Historical Park. San Francisco Craft and
Folk Art Museum Exhibit, 1989.
||Maps, log books, Bibles, books were
of rag bond paper that had a high hemp content from recycled
clothes of homespun hemp,
sails, ropes, tents made of hemp. The collection and
recycling of rags for paper was an industry for hundreds of
years in Europe, and a lesson to us on the importance of paying
attention to recycling in general, we have got to stop burying
what was once our wealth.
||Reproduction of a 1630 book called:
GOOD ORDER ESTABLISHED IN PENNSYLVANIA AND NEW
JERSEY. By Thomas Budd. Budd wanted to base the
economy on production of linen from hemp and flax.
Storehouses of hemp and flax would act like banks. Public
schools were proposed in which children would spin yarn for an
hour each day.
||FRANKLIN'S EXPERIMENT, JUNE
1752. "Demonstrating the Identity of Lightning and
Electricity, From Which He Invented the Lightning Rod.
From "Currier & Ives," Ed. by John L. Pratt, 1968.
||THE CHILD'S BOOK OF NATURE
for the use of FAMILIES AND SCHOOLS intended to aid MOTHERS AND
TEACHERS IN TRAINING CHILDREN IN THE OBSERVATION OF
NATURE. By Worthington Hooker, M.D. 1888.
||It was not just any string that
connected Ben Franklin to the clouds above for his famous
experiment, it was hemp string.
||Hemp string, hemp string, hemp
string. "Dr. Franklin now fastened a key to the end
of the hemp string."
||Fourth U.S.A. President and hemp
||The writer of the Declaration of
Independence grew hemp.
||THE STORY OF HEMP IN COLONIAL
VIRGINIA, By Herndon. A Dissertation which includes references
to George Washington as a hemp farmer. Excellent history.
Ask yourself this question: How does
George Washington get to grow hemp and not the Curator? It
gets to the core of the question, what happened in the last 200
years that we lost such an important right, namely the control
of agricultural production. This prohibition must come to
an end. What an incredible embarrassment it would be to
have to explain to George Washington and Thomas Jefferson that
they would have to pull up their hemp crops, that would have
been the Second American Revolution! Both men were high on
hemp as an important crop to replace and rotate with
tobacco. It still is.
||Hemp Museum cleaning and carding
tools. Left, wool cards; center, long toothed hetchel;
right, braid of cleaned hemp.
||Model of a spinning wheel.
||Museum print: THE OLD
MILL. Many of these water powered mills were used to pulp
rags into paper.
GEORGE WASHINGTON, OUR MOST FAMOUS HEMP FARMER .
|| General George Washington at
Yorktown. By James Peale (1749 - 1831). The surrender of
General Cornwallis announced the collapse of the British and a
complete victory of American forces on October 17, 1781.
Hemp was there.
Hemp Museum print - 14 X 17 inches.
||George Washington the
statesman. From painting by Rothermel (1817 - 1895).
Framed Hemp Museum print - 5 X 7 inches.
||"Who helped to make us
free? Washington." Washington crossing the Delaware River in winter.
Hemp Museum postcard.
||This carved coin showing a mounted
General Washington with a hemp leaf is a recognition that George
Washington is also the most famous hemp farmer the U.S. has
produced. Washington said, "Make the most of the hemp
seed and sow it everywhere."
Hemp Museum carved coin, donated by
||"My Greetings to you on Washington's
Hemp Museum postcard.
||"I send you patriotic
greetings on his Birthday."
Hemp Museum postcard.
||In 1776, Thomas Paine wrote "Common
Sense," The document that led to the Declaration of
Independence. From Section IV: "Of the present
ability of America, with some miscellaneous reflexions,"
comes the quote, "In almost every article of defence
we abound. Hemp flourishes even to rankness, so that we
need not want cordage."
||Modern envelope showing the happy
hempsters doing buds.
||War of 1812 service medal, has the
same form as the grave marker below, in recognition of the naval
nature of the war fought over hemp trade routes.
||This Hemp Museum replica of a War of
1812 grave marker shows the Navy anchor. Most of the war
was fought on the seas.
Hemp Museum replica of a War of
1812 grave marker.
||This Hemp Museum 1830 English Bible
has excellent strong rag paper from England.
Hemp Museum Bible.
||Book: A History of the
Hemp Industry in Kentucky, by James Hopkins.
Clockwise: Book, hemp gloves, hemp hair tie, hemp
washcloth, hemp fabric strips, and center a hemp scrubby.
||"The great Camp Stretched for
Many Miles." This camp is at Cumberland Landing, May,
1862. The sea of sun-bleached white canvas (hemp) are
tents and wagon covers.
Framed Hemp Museum print - 13 X 16 inches.
||"A Balloon in Warfare - Prof.
Lowe recognizes Himself in this Picture After Fifty Years. Few
realize that as far back as the Civil War balloons were used to
observe the enemy's position." - June, 1862. Hemp
ropes are draped over the silk gas bag.
Framed Hemp Museum print -13 X 16.
||The U.S. Constitution and Flag,
two of our most cherished symbols were made of hemp before it
Betsy Ross made the first flag of the
United States of America out of the finest, strongest fiber
available, hemp fabric. "It is also said that the
finest laces of the olden days were always made of hemp in
preference to any other fiber." -Herndon, p.154.
U.S.A. Hemp Museum perfume
bottle showing Betsy Ross sewing the first United States flag
out of hemp sailcloth.
||The real Star Spangled Banner at
the Smithsonian Museum in Washington, D.C.
Made of linen?
Hemp Museum photo.
||Our National Anthem, The Star
Spangled Banner, was written by Francis Scott Key, September
1814, during the War of 1812 with England. Proclaimed the
National Anthem by an Act of Congress - March 3, 1931.
Hemp Museum postcard.
||The 50 star flag of the new Hemp
for Victory movement in the U.S.
||The lower flag of the Hemp Museum
collection is a 46 star flag presented to the widow of a Spanish - American War
veteran on his death. The flag was presented before
Arizona and New Mexico became states in 1912. Probably of
hemp fabric. The upper flag is a hemp reproduction of a
bicentennial flag. The Hemp Museum collection also
includes a 45 star U.S.A. Flag.
||Nevada State Museum Popular Series
No. 10: TO CLOTHE NEVADA WOMEN, 1860 - 1920.
1990. This 48 page book shows wagon covers, tents, ropes,
and the story of J. W. Davis, who invented riveted pants and
patented them with Levi Strauss in 1872. Davis moved to
San Francisco from Reno and supervised the manufacturing of
Hemp Museum book from a visit to the Nevada
USA Hemp Museum
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